Turkish-French Relations: History, Present, and the Future
Edited by Aurelien Denizeau and Ozan Orneci, this book examines the evolution of the Turkish-French relations. It provides a better understanding of diplomatic issues, foreign policy decisions, and geopolitical aspects shaping the bilateral relations and offers new insights into the economic, cultural and diplomatic relations of both countries.
Jana Jabbour's chapter " Turkey–France Political and Diplomatic Relations: Contemporary Issues and Future Perspectives": https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-07988-7_5
Under the Macron and Erdoğan presidencies, rising tensions
and mutual mistrust have marked Turkish–French diplomatic relations. At the
domestic political level, Turkey’s diaspora political positions, based on
Ankara's attempt to gain influence over France's Muslim and Turkish
communities, are interpreted in Paris as an intolerable interference in French
domestic politics. Moreover, Turkey and France have entered an era of strategic
rivalry in the Eastern Mediterranean at the international foreign policy level,
wrestling for regional leadership and hegemony. Paris is critical of many
aspects of Turkish policy: its conduct in Syria, its military support for
Libya’s internationally recognized unity government, the maritime agreement
that Ankara has established with Tripoli, and Turkey’s natural gas explorations
in the Eastern Mediterranean that allegedly violate Greek and Cypriot maritime
sovereignty. In the broader perspective, the Franco–Turkish geopolitical
rivalry is to be understood in the light of a changing international order. The
global power shift from West to East, coupled with the U.S. retreat from the
Middle East/Mediterranean region, has ignited a struggle for influence that
pits traditional powers, like France, against rising middle powers like Turkey.
Attached to the Western/Eurocentric order, Paris has difficulty accommodating
Turkey’s increased regional and geopolitical assertiveness.
Keywords: Turkish–French relations; Diaspora politics; Syria; Eastern Mediterranean; Kurdish Question